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Nutrition Requirements

NUTRITION REQUIREMENT OF INFANT & KIDS

Infants require exclusive breastfeeding during the initial six months of birth for proper physical and immun system development. This period of six months is also marked by high growth rate in the physical structure of the baby. It is estimated that the average weight of the baby doubles during the six months.Therefore, the infant needs a substantial intake in terms of energy rich foods that are abundant in proteins and calories to aid healthy development.On the basis of studies carried out by the National Institute of Nutrition (India) the following amount of protein and calories intake is recommended among babies:

 
Age Group
Expected Body Weight
(approx.) kg.
Calories
Kcals.
Protein
grams.
1.
Birth to 6 months
3-7
600
11
2.
6 months to 1 year
7-9
800
13
3.
1-3 years
9-13
1200
18
4.
4-6 years
15-17
1500
22
5.
7-9 years
18-21
1800
33
6.
10-12 years
23-28
2100
41

Source: http://www.indg.in/health/nutrition/low-cost-nutritious-supplements/food-needs-of-infants-and-children

The nutrition plan for the child grows with age and physical growth.Weaning from the breast starts from six months of age and can continue upto 5-6 years of age.Weaning foods may be introduced in the form of purees and slowly transition to adult foods with regular spices. It is essential that protein and calories intake should be optimum for the physical and mental development of the child. The protein and caloric requirement is detailed in the chart above.Some examples protein-rich foods are milk, fish, meat, eggs, pulses, and soy products. A growing child’s body requires various other nutrients as well such as calcium and Vitamin A. Green leafy vegetables and skim milk powder assist in providing these essential nutrients.

The details of various additional nutritional requirements of an infant are given below:

Recommended Dietary Allowances

Nutrient
Birth to 6 Months
6 to 12 Months
Protein (grams/kilogram) of baby's weight
13g
14g
Vitamins
Vitamin A [micrograms (ug)]
375
375
Vitamin D (ug)
7.5
10
Vitamin E [milligrams (mg)]
3
4
Vitamin K (ug)
5
10
Vitamin C (mg)
30
35
Thiamine(mg)
0.3
0.4
Riboflavin(mg)
0.4
.05
Niacin(mg)
5
6
Vitamin B-6 (mg)
0.3
0.6
Folacin (ug)
0.3
0.5
Vitamin G-12 (ug)
0.3
0.5
Minerals
Calcium (mg)
400
600
Phosphorus (mg)
300
500
Magnesium (mg)
40
60
Iron (mg)
6
10
Zinc (mg)
5
5
Iodine (ug)
40
50
Selenium (ug)
10
15

Source: Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council (www.cfsan.fda.gov)

Credit: http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=10062